Pakistan - - Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997

Country or State: 
Pakistan
EIA Law: 
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997
Guidance: 
not answered
EIA Best Practices: 
No answer provided
Other Assessments: 
not answered
Are Contractor's Conflict of Interest Addressed: 
No mention, except the Director General of the Federal Agency may disclose business activities where it is in the public interest. Act §12(3)(i).
Minimum Qualifications For Contractors: 
No mention.
Is a Terms of Reference Prepared: 
not answered
Public Scoping Process: 
No Mention
Prepared By Interdisciplinary Team: 
No
Public review of TOR?: 
not answered
Alternatives Analysis Required?: 
The definition of Environmental Impact Assessment includes "comparison of alternatives." Act 2(xi).
No Action Alternative Required: 
No mention
Draft EIA Available to Public: 
not answered
Public Notice of Final EIA: 
The Federal Agency shall publish in English or Urdu national and local newspapers a public notice mentioning the places where the EIA can be accessed. Reg. 10(1).
Easy Access to Draft and/or Final EIA: 
Some information will not be disclosed to the public, relating to propreitary business activities, national security, and legal professional priviledge. Act §12(3).
EIA Available where?: 
no response to this question provided
Meeting Criteria: 
no response to this question provided
Public Meetings or Hearings: 
public hearing(s) only (with opportunity for members of public to speak)
Draft EIA: Days for Review: 
not answered
Final EIA: Days for Review: 
Four months from the date the IEE or EIA is filed complete. The Federal Government may in a particular case extend the period of four months if the nature of the project warrants. Act §12(4) & (5).
Final EIA: May Public Comment: 
Yes. Reg. 10(2).
Participation by Certain Groups Encouraged: 
The Federal Agency shall notice in any English or Urdu newspaper in the area affected by the project. Reg. 10(1).
Response to Comments Required: 
The Federal Agency shall consider all comments before decision on the EIA. Reg. 10(5).
Mitigation Required?: 
Yes, approval is conditioned on mitigatory measures being adopted. Reg. 13(1).
Monitoring Plans Required?: 
An Environmental Management Plan shall include monitoring, reporting and auditing. Reg. 14(1).
Authority to Include Conditions: 
Yes, the Federal Agency may accord its approval subject to such conditions as it may deem fit to impose. Act §12(2)(b).
Days for Review of EIA by Decision Maker: 
Four months from the date the IEE or EIA is filed complete. The Federal Government may in a particular case extend the period of four months if the nature of the project warrants. Act §12(4) & (5).
Must Issue Written Decision: 
The decision shall be communicated to the Proponent in the form prescribed in Schedule VI. Reg 12. ; if the Federal Agency fails to communicate its approval or otherwise within four months, the IEE or EIA shall be deemed to have been approved. Act §12(
Bond to Assure Compliance: 
Yes, where the Federal Agency accords its approval subject to certain conditions, the proponent shall, before commencing construction, acknowledge acceptance of the stipulated conditions by executing an undertaking. Reg. 13(2)(a).
Final Decision Public?: 
The Federal Agency shall maintain Registers which contain brief particulars of each project and a summary of decisions taken thereon. Act §12(7).
Citizen Access to Court?: 
Yes, any aggrieved person may appeal to the High Court within 30 days of an Environmental Tribunal Order. Act §23.
Citizen Enforce Conditions: 
not answered
Internal Agency Review Available: 
Yes, any aggrieved person may appeal a decision to an Environmental Tribunal within 30 days. Act §22
Must Citizen Participate to have access to court?: 
not answered
Provisions for Monitoring Project?: 
Yes, the Federal Agency may carry out inspections or impose such other conditions for monitoring as it may deem fit. The proponent shall submit an annual report summarizing operational performance with reference to the mitigatory measures. Regs. 14, 18