Constituciones

Cosmo Trust v. City of Harare, Administrative Court of Zimbabwe (Harare) (22 March 2019)

“[O]ur Constitution gives every Zimbabwean the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations.  That is done through legislative and other measures that prevent ecological degradation, promote conservation and secure ecological sustainable development.  Ecologically sustainable development ensures that all living creatures, including birds, are enableed to meet their needs from the environment we rely on.

Ashgar Leghari v. Federation of Pakistan

Ashgar Leghari v. Federation of Pakistan (W.P. No. 25501/2015)
Lahore High Court Green Bench

A farmer filed a public interest litigation alleging the government of Pakistan’s inaction and delay in implementing the National Climate Change Policy and addressing vulnerabilities associated with climate change violates the fundamental constitutional rights to life and dignity. 

In its first order, issued 4 September 2015, the Green Bench declared:

Greenwatch v AG & NEMA (MISC. CAUSE NO.140 OF 2002) [2002] UGHC 205 (5 October 2002)

The High Court of Uganda (Kampala) declared that “the manufacture, distribution, use, sale, sell disposal of plastic bags, plastic containers, plastic food wrappers, and all other forms of plastic commonly referred to as ‘kaveera’ violates the rights of citizens of Uganda to a clean and healthy environment.”

Greenpeace Nordic Ass’n and Nature and Youth v. Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Case no. 16-166674TVI-OTIR/06 (Oslo District Court) (4 January 2018)

Greenpeace Nordic Ass’n and Nature and Youth v. Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Case no. 16-166674TVI-OTIR/06 (Oslo District Court) (4 January 2018)

Greenpeace Nordic Association and Natur og Ungdom (Nature & Youth) filed a case challenging licenses for offshore oil production granted by the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.

In January, 2018, the Oslo District Court found Article 112 of the Norwegian Constitution creates an enforceable right to a healthy environment. The court acknowledged that this right includes the right to a healthy climate. 

Salim v. State of Uttarakhand, Writ Petition (PIL) No.126 of 2014 (December 5, 2016 and March 20, 2017)

Salim v. State of Uttarakhand, Writ Petition (PIL) No.126 of 2014 (December 5, 2016 and March 20, 2017)
High Court of Uttarakhand

NOTE:  In July 2017, the Supreme Court of India issued a stay of the High Court’s order.  The appeal has not yet been decided.

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Mohammed Salim filed public interest litigation in the High Court of Uttarakhand concerning illegal construction and encroachments along the Ganges River, as well as the failure to constitute the Ganga Management Board, as required by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.

Asghar Leghari v. Federation of Pakistan

Asghar Leghari v. Federation of Pakistan (W.P. No. 25501/2015)
Lahore High Court Green Bench [Magistratura Verde del Tribunal Superior de Lahore] 

Un agricultor entabló un litigio de interés público, alegando que la inacción y demora del Gobierno de Pakistán en implementar la Política Nacional de Cambio Climático y en abordar las vulnerabilidades asociadas con el cambio climático violan los derechos constitucionales fundamentales a la vida y a la dignidad.

En su primera orden, emitida el 4 de septiembre de 2015, la Magistratura Verde declaró:

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