Law n° 19-14 of 14 Rabie Ethani 1441 amends the VAT on plastic bags imported or produced locally to be 200 Dinar per kilogramme. The funds from this tax are divided between the general state budget (73%) and the national fund for the environment and the coasts (27%).
Benin plastic law
Law No. 17/2019 Relating to the Prohibition of Manufacturing, Importation, Use and Sale of Plastic Carry Bags and Single-Use Plastic Items
Rwanda’s Law No. 17/2019 adopted 10 August 2019 and came into force upon publishing on 23 September 2019. Repeals Law No. 57/2008.
Director: Mineral Development, Gauteng Region v Save the Vaal Environment (Case No. 133/98) SCA 9, Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa (12 March 1999), available at https://cer.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Save-the-Vaal-Environment-v-DME.pdf or http://www.saflii.org/za/cases/ZASCA/1999/9.pdf
Rwanda Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law, Regulations, and Guidance:
1) Law No. 04/2005
Organic Law determining the modalities of protection, conservation and promotion of environment in Rwanda
2) Ministerial Order No. 003/2008
Ministerial Order relating to the requirements and procedure for environmental impact assessment
“[O]ur Constitution gives every Zimbabwean the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations. That is done through legislative and other measures that prevent ecological degradation, promote conservation and secure ecological sustainable development. Ecologically sustainable development ensures that all living creatures, including birds, are enableed to meet their needs from the environment we rely on.